Nursery: Manufacturing is the main battlefield for technological innovation

The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China stated that innovation is the first driving force for development and the strategic support for building a modern economic system. Around the construction of an innovative country, the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China carried out systematic deployment, not only re-emphasizing the primacy of the concept of innovation and development, but also clarifying the construction of the “five strong countries” of technologically strong countries, quality powers, aerospace powers, network powers, and transportation powers. As a specific goal of building an innovative country, digital China and smart society also emphasize six aspects in task deployment: more prominent basic research, strategic support, strategic and technological strength, enterprise main body and achievement transformation, innovation environment construction and talent team Construction. How to implement the innovation-driven development strategy with greater intensity and install an innovation engine for the construction of a strong country? The People’s Daily reporter had an exclusive interview with the party secretary and minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. 20171121084123328.jpg Source: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, National Bureau of Statistics: Cai Huawei Manufacturing is the main battlefield for technological innovation. Reporter: The 19th National Congress report stated that innovation is the first driving force for development and the strategic support for building a modern economic system. How to understand this important assertion? What specific requirements does it put forward for the construction of a strong country? Miao Wei: Manufacturing is the main body of the real economy, the main battlefield of technological innovation, and an important area of ​​supply-side structural reform. The new industrial revolution and China's implementation of the strategy of manufacturing and strengthening the country form a historic intersection. We must grasp the trend of change and the time window, do a good job of in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization, and strive to seize the new round of industrial competition. In 2010, China has surpassed the United States to become the world's largest manufacturing country. Since the 18th National Congress, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has issued a series of policy measures around the construction of manufacturing powers and network powers, and achieved remarkable results. However, compared with the target of major industrial developed countries and the construction of strong manufacturing countries, most areas still have large gaps in technological innovation, quality brand, and environmental friendliness. The problem of structural supply and demand imbalance has become increasingly prominent. Innovation is the source of national rejuvenation and the foundation of strength. The report of the 19th National Congress proposed to strengthen the construction of a national innovation system. To implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we must implement the innovation-driven development strategy with greater intensity, improve the inclusive support policy in accordance with the system innovation chain, and accelerate the establishment of technological innovation with enterprise-oriented, demand-oriented, and in-depth integration of industry, education and research. system. It is necessary to implement the national manufacturing innovation center construction project, focus on strategic, leading, and major basic common needs, and build a number of high-level manufacturing innovation centers. It is necessary to speed up the application of basic research, expand the implementation of major national science and technology projects, increase key core technology research and transformation of results, and cultivate a number of innovative leading enterprises. It is necessary to implement industrial strong foundation projects, build a systematic and long-term promotion mechanism, and break through the basic bottlenecks in the development of key areas. Six measures to promote the industrialization of innovation results Reporter: How to increase support and break the barriers of applying science and technology innovation to practice? How can technology and industry achieve seamless integration, so that industry, education and research can be deeply integrated? Miao Wei: Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has built a manufacturing innovation center, carried out pilot demonstrations, consolidated industrial technology foundations, implemented major special projects, promoted military-civilian integration, and strengthened cooperation between industry, universities and research institutes. Measures to actively promote technological innovation and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements in the manufacturing sector, the construction of the innovation system has been comprehensively improved, and the level of industrialization has been significantly enhanced. The first is to build a manufacturing innovation center and create a collaborative innovation carrier that closely integrates production, education and research. In accordance with the requirements of “Made in China 2025”, aiming at the lack of supply of common technology in the industry, implementing the construction of the manufacturing innovation center, and encouraging the construction of provincial-level manufacturing innovation centers, and forming a relatively complete top-level design and selection criteria. Since the implementation of the project, five manufacturing innovation centers such as national power battery, additive manufacturing, information optoelectronics, printing and flexible display, and robot have been approved. The second is to carry out pilot demonstrations to promote the transformation and application of new industrial technologies. Vigorously promote the innovative use of major technical equipment, and the Ministry of Finance and the China Insurance Regulatory Commission issued the "First (Set) Major Technology Equipment Promotion and Application Guidance Catalogue" to accelerate the demonstration of the first (set) of new products and equipment with independent intellectual property rights. The publication of the Catalogue of Major Environmental Protection Technology and Equipment Encouraged by the State, the promotion of new technologies, new products and new equipment, and the improvement of the supply capacity and level of environmental protection technology and equipment. The third is to consolidate the industrial technology foundation, support and service the scientific and technological innovation achievements engineering. Focusing on the core infrastructure components, advanced basic processes, key infrastructure materials and industrial technology foundations, we will implement industrial strong foundation projects and focus on solving key problems in the industrial fundamentals. At present, 19 industrial technology basic public service platforms and 200 industrial product quality control and technology evaluation laboratories have been built to assist in the engineering of scientific and technological innovation achievements. The fourth is to implement major projects to promote the integration of science and technology and industrial development. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has taken the lead in organizing and implementing major projects such as nuclear high-base, next-generation broadband wireless mobile communications, and high-end CNC machine tools, focusing on research and development and industrialization in key areas such as next-generation information technology and high-end equipment. Emphasis is placed on encouraging enterprises to undertake industrialization projects, building innovation chains around the industrial chain, promoting cooperation between users and R&D units, and strengthening the interface with industry planning and policies. The fifth is to promote the integration and transformation of military and civilian technologies and serve the national military-civilian integration development strategy. It has established a national public service platform for military-civilian integration, coordinated with the State Council and relevant military departments, military and civilian key units, and promoted information exchange and sharing of military and civilian integration. Each year, the catalogue of “military transfer to the people” and the catalogue of “civilian army” are compiled and expanded, and the information channels for military and civilians are broadened. The level of synergy between the military and civilian science and technology has been significantly improved. The sixth is to strengthen cooperation between industry, academia and research to promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into real productivity. Explore the establishment of a market-oriented transformation model of innovation results, use the results of the price to convert shares, license others to use, self-transformation and other means to achieve the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and industry. For example, the Beijing Electric Vehicle Collaborative Innovation Center jointly established by Beijing Institute of Technology and BAIC Group has the synergistic development capability of discipline development, scientific research and talent cultivation. The jointly developed Beiqi electric vehicle has been on the market. Let SMEs enhance their sense of access from innovation policies. Reporter: The report of the 19th National Congress emphasized "strengthening support for SME innovation and promoting the transformation of scientific and technological achievements." What are the difficulties in SME innovation? Nursery: SME innovation includes innovation in technology, products, management models, business models and so on. At present, there are factors such as the external innovation environment and the inherent innovation ability that affect the innovation and development of SMEs. From the perspective of the external environment, including the business environment, fiscal and taxation policies, financing environment, service system, etc.; from the perspective of internal and external enterprises, including the scientific and technological research and development of enterprises, the application of new generation information technology, the creation and use of intellectual property rights, Protection and management, etc. The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the innovation and development of small and medium-sized enterprises and continuously optimize the innovation and development environment for small and medium-sized enterprises The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology earnestly implemented the decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, innovated various work initiatives, and helped SMEs to effectively enhance the endogenous motivation for innovation and development. Reporter: How can SMEs innovate, financial support and policy support be in place? Miao Wei: We must release the effectiveness of the policy as soon as possible by promoting the implementation of the policy, so that the majority of SMEs can truly gain a sense of gain from the policy. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will take the newly revised SME Promotion Law as an opportunity to actively play the role of the State Council's Office of Promoting SME Development Leading Group Coordination Mechanism. In accordance with the overall tone of steady progress, we will pay close attention to policy implementation and jointly promote the innovation and development of SMEs. First, earnestly implement the implementation of the SME Promotion Law. The SME Promotion Law, which was revised on September 1, 2017, has been promulgated and will be officially implemented in 2018. Compared with the original law, the new law has changed a lot and has more bright spots. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will strengthen communication and coordination with relevant departments, do a good job in the implementation of the SMEs Promotion Law, and promote the implementation of effective policies and measures prescribed by law. The second is to give full play to the role of the coordination mechanism of the State Council Leading Group Office for Promoting the Development of SMEs. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will continue to play a leading role as a lead department, strengthen overall coordination and service, strengthen research on major issues, propose policy recommendations, and implement policy implementation with all member units to continuously optimize the development environment for SMEs. The third is to establish an online service platform for SME policies. At present, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has established an "Internet +" SME policy service platform. It will further promote the establishment of a comprehensive service platform for SMEs with the goal of bringing together SMEs' promotion policies introduced by various departments and provinces, cities and counties to achieve one-stop policy services across departments and regions, and to achieve policy resource sharing and Private network query. The fourth is to continuously optimize the use efficiency of special funds for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. According to the provisions of the SME Promotion Law, the central government should set up SME subjects in the budget of this level to arrange special funds for the development of SMEs. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work with the Ministry of Finance to optimize the focus, direction and scope of special funds to purchase services and rewards, focusing on supporting the construction of public service systems and financing service systems for SMEs, and guiding social resources to provide market information and financing for SMEs. Various public services such as guarantees, talent training, market development, etc., to achieve the effect of “four to two pounds” and “snow in the snow”. The fifth is to give full play to the role of the National SME Development Fund. In 2015, the State Council approved the establishment of a national SME development fund with a total scale of 60 billion yuan, of which the central government invested 15 billion yuan, and has now established four direct investment sub-funds. In the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the relevant departments will, while ensuring that the fund operates in accordance with market rules, give full play to the role of the central government funds, attract more social capital, and support all types of small and medium-sized enterprises to develop new models, new formats, and new products. Innovation. Sixth, we are fully committed to promoting entrepreneurial innovation in SMEs. We will continue to support the construction of small and micro enterprises' innovation and innovation bases around the country, and foster the construction of a number of demonstration and innovation demonstration bases for small and micro enterprises. Promote the construction of Maker China platform and hold the Maker China Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competition. Further measures will be taken to promote the mutual penetration of the first, second and third industries in the “double innovation”, and the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain and the large and medium-sized enterprises will develop and expand, so that more small and micro enterprises will grow and develop in the market competition.

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